Tuesday, May 19, 2020
Welcome to my private practice. I believe in therapy as a confidential partnership between us as two individuals. This confidential process is one I have designed to help address your issues, worries, and more, better understand yourself, and learn effective coping strategies you can utilize in your everyday life. In order for this process to work, it will involve the sharing of sensitive, personal, and private information on your part. During the course of counseling, you may experience moments of increased anxiety or confusion. However, our goal is to achieve a positive outcome by pushing through those moments in an effort to either fix, eliminate, or process them. I am available to walk you through this process, but will not be able toÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In order to be most successful, you will also need to work on things we discuss outside of sessions. You maintain the right to ask any questions or make any comments about anything that happens during our sessions. I am always willing to discuss how and why IÃ¢â¬â¢ve decided on the method I have, and am constantly looking for alternatives, adjustments, and more. You also maintain the right to leave, ask to be referred to another specialist, or discuss another method with myself or my office at any time. Although I do ask and recommend that you give me advanced notice, so that I may help you transition through this change. Sessions The first month of sessions will include a thorough evaluation of your needs and self. By the end of this evaluation, I will be present some initial impressions of what our time together might consist of. At that time, we will discuss your treatment goals and create a primary treatment plan. This treatment plan might change as treatment continues and changes come into play. You should evaluate this information and make your own conclusions and judgments about whether or not you feel comfortable working with this plan or myself. If you have questions about my work, it is best that we discuss them when they initially arise. If your doubts persist, I will be happy to help you set up a meeting with another mental health professional for a second opinion. Ending Sessions As mentioned above, you may endShow MoreRelatedCode Of Ethics And Ethics762 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAlso, code of ethics serves as a formal ethics statement improving the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s image protecting it from lawsuits and further regulation. Code of ethics policies are designed for organizations to follow in everything they do. Employees are bound by the rules and regulations of these policies sometimes relieving organizations from unlawful lawsuits. The general overview of organizational policies includes a value statement, written statements of ethics policies, comprehensive and specificRead MoreInformation On Email Etiquette, Security Risks, Image Issues And A Recommendation923 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSugar, 2013) Proper email etiquette is achieved by educating employees about what is acceptable and not acceptable for work.Teaching these concepts can be simplified by grouping them into categories. Employees need to consider these general practices any time they use email: I.Proper grammar II. Professionalism III.Courtesy Proper grammar Employees should know the audience and what level of formality to. The email should be clear, organized, and easy to read. Slang, emoticonsRead MoreTeacher Handbook Essays1546 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesinfluence and mold the ideas and thought of young people. There is an inherent responsibility of being a role model whether the teacher is in the classroom or in the grocery store. Teachers are granted the same personal freedoms as private citizen, but need to make sure their personal choices do not affect their ability to perform in the classroom as a school board employee. The following is a teacher handbook outlining the rights and responsibilities of teachers including: academic freedoms,Read MoreYour Future Position - Your Ceo Philosophies898 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMission (need to do for each independent opportunity) Ã¢â¬â Does the mission statement of the company or department align with my personal goals. Can I see myself delivering on the criteria the statement is giving to its consumers? Research before, ask during interview. 6.) Step 6: Problem Statement (need to do for each independent opportunity) - Issues discovered from step 4. Indicate reaction to those roadblocks. Is the company private or public and are there any financial constraints that could hinderRead MoreUnderstanding Employment Responsibilities And Rights Assignment937 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesemployer in relation to the following areas. Data protection: My company is registered under the data protection act 1998, all storage and processing of personal information recorded manually in books or on computers in sevacare comply with this act. Data protection in my company is there to prevent others accessing information that is personal and private about my service users. Working in my company I have to make sure I do my part in making sure this information is protected to the highest standardRead MoreAccounting: the Financial Accounting Standards Board (Fasb)1158 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIntermediate Accounting Paper The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) is a private, not-for-profit organization whose primary purpose is to develop generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) within the United States in the public s interest. The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) designated the FASB as the organization responsible for setting accounting standards for public companies in the U.S. It was created in 1973, replacing the Accounting Principles Board and the CommitteeRead MoreData Mining Of Personal Data1608 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesrelatively new practice, data mining for marketing has increasingly brought the business and information technology fields together. However, it has also become a controversial practice due to concerns that companies are crossing the line between effective advertisement and respect for the privacy of individuals. In this paper, I argue that data mining of personal data for marketing purposes has become unacceptably invasive of peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s private inf ormation, as with the new practice of collecting informationRead MoreThe Fourth Amendment And The Rights Of Search Warrants1195 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesown papers and their personal effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures. However, if there is probable cause of criminal or harmful intent being committed with a particular person or persons, than warrants can be issues with the written out plan of what is exactly going to be searched and exactly whom. Sometimes, in the mist of criminal activity the rights of search warrants are waved. In some cases it is also needed to be determined exactly what personal private space is; for exampleRead MoreGender Equality : Female Attrition From Private Law Practice Essay1221 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesEquality: Female Attrition from Private Law Practice is a study done by Fiona M. Kay, Stacey L. Alarie, and Jones K. Adjei, in which they seek to research the possible existence and effects of gender inequality in the practice of law. There are multiple hypotheses in this study; a total of 6 with sub parts to a number of them. The first hypothesis to be tested is how the greatest risk of job moves out of private practice will occur during the early years of practice experience. Hypothesis 2: Ã¢â¬Å"WomenRead MoreThe Right to Own Property Essay923 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswe take away these rights. While we hear about violations of freedom of speech in the news often, one of the more overlooked yet equally as concerning violations of civil rights is the right to own property. Regularly, governments will seize the private property of an individual, and sometimes even auction or sell said property. Whilst this is an unjust act, it occurs time and time again and we have seen repeats through different governments throughout history. One of the greatest tragedies the
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Teaching is one of the most well known careers known to man; it has existed for centuries and probably has existed since the beginning of humanity. Thus, many may think it is very simple to get in front of a group (class) and lecture about a certain topic. When in actuality it is not, it is very complicated having to get up in front of a class especially if youÃ¢â¬â¢re a shy person not used to the concept of talking in front of a large group of people; I have faced a similar challenge, and steadily overcoming the fears associated with teaching. Over the summer I worked with students at a local school called Hanley International Academy, I taught ladies that were older than me, and are ESL; I honestly thought it was the easiest job ever prior to starting. However, I started to understand that teaching needs time and explaining within the time I worked I took everything serious. Before beginning any teaching, I had to assist each studentÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to understand English. Then, I started off with very simple assignments. When teaching ESL students the first step is to explain what the alphabet, how much are letters are in the alphabets, and how to use them. Then you have to teach them how to write them when they have understood how to read and write then you must move on to the next concept. That doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t mean to forget about it completely. Next, you say the alphabets and let them read after you until they have pronounced it perfectly. Then start with the next step I madeShow MoreRelatedIssues Of Multicultural Ed ucation / Special Education844 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswill start with proper teaching and committing to it, along with having more support from the parents. Children in special education are the same as any other child, but involves more needs to be met in order to help these children along the learning process. This continues as having more public and parental support and showing more appreciation for our Special Education teachers. Special Education is a challenging position and many individuals believe that it is the easiest job in the world. We areRead MoreA Report On The Classroom930 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesI am glad to see the teacher in Starkville Oktibbeha Consolidated School District, who had a student present a sex ed demonstration with a cucumber and a condom, has been allowed to resume teaching. I understand that House Bill 999 clearly states, Ã¢â¬Å"The instruction or program (sex education) may include a discussion on condoms or contraceptives, but only if that discussion includes a factual presentation of the risks and failure rates of those contraceptives. In no case shall the instruction orRead MoreGraduation Speech By Mr. Davis856 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshis thoughts. While Mr. DavisÃ¢â¬â¢s responses are more detailed, Mrs. Immel gave me a few responses I would also like to discuss. I can see a trend in Mr. DavisÃ¢â¬â¢s responses. He seems to enjoy being a teacher and the perks of being a teacher, such as teaching the students both material and life lessons. I have always said that encouragement needs more of a presence in the school system. What Mr. Davis does is just that. He allows the lessons to be fun. He doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t allow the material to become overwhelmingRead MoreTeaching Is One Of The Best Jobs964 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesTeaching is one of the Best Jobs in the World The clock is ticking steadily along. The time is nearing. And then you hear it; enthusiastic, excited sounds of small people coming closer and closer. The next second they make their appearance. Ã¢â¬Å"Good morning, Miss!Ã¢â¬ they exclaim. Their faces are ecstatic and their smiles (with some missing teeth) are so big that you have to smile yourself. Backpacks, and lunch kits go in their proper places and the kids are out the door once more, to run off some moreRead MoreTeaching Methods : Banking And Problem Posing1580 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn Pedagogy of the Oppressed, Paulo Freire goes on to explain that there are two types of teaching methods: banking and problem-posing. The Ã¢â¬Å"bankingÃ¢â¬ method is the idea that students are depositories and teachers are the depositor, meaning that teachers just pour the right information into the studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ brains since they do not know anything (Freire, 1993). As for the problem-posing method, students are much more involved in the learning process because the teacher-student and student-teacher relationshipRead MoreIn The Book, Careers In The Classroom By Sylvia Mei-Ling1328 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesrealized how this information will help me in my future career. I learned that there are a lot of stresses placed on educators. The author described that inner-city schools find themselves to be one of the hardest places for educators when it comes to teaching. This is because these schools tend to suffer in student attendance, graduation rates, large class sizes, and a lack of good materials to meet classroom needs. These types schools, however, are not the only ones to deal with these problems, but theyRead MoreEnglish 99 - Morality And Professional Responsibility966 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesProfessional Responsibility Ã¢â¬Å"English 99 Ã¢â¬ - an essay by Frank Gannon, illustrates the experiences of teaching a college class on introductory writing. Gannon, the english professor, displays the characteristics of an amoral man: lacking moral sensibility (distinguishing what is right and wrong) which may cause consequences to himself or others. With a person like Gannon, one cannot expect much from his teaching methods. Gannon represents an adult whose amorality created the lack of professional responsibilityRead MoreEvaluation Of Training And Training1021 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswhether training is even a necessity. Some supervisors feel there is nothing to evaluate. Others feel that such evaluations are too costly. Yet others may feel evaluations will threaten their current job or that no one really cares about the evaluations. Trainings can range from annual, to mandatory, or for job advancements. Some employers required monthly, yearly and yet others require no training at all. According to a current report by American Society for Training and Development, $126 billion dollarsRead MoreEssay on Future Career: Early Education Teacher851 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshave for the job. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Everyone thinks being a teacher obtains easiest , which it might be, but to get a teaching degree may a lot harder than what it looks like. Starting in high school, child development, computer applications, keyboarding, teacher assisting, public speaking, and psychology embrace important classes to take during your high school career. This would advance someone who took this compared to someone who has no idea about the education and childhood field. Also, job shadowingRead MoreHigh School And Selective Honors Programs983 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesto the rest of the class, it became exceedingly obvious that the numbers donÃ¢â¬â¢t support the notion that they are the Ã¢â¬Å"eliteÃ¢â¬ scholars of the school. Many of the Ã¢â¬Å"eliteÃ¢â¬ were there for one reason only, they knew how to play the system by picking the easiest teachers for each subject. Now of course there were a couple of students that were indeed hard workers and very intellig ent, our valedictorian is a great example of that. But the majority of them were anything but. Most of their test scores (AP, SAT
Question: Discuss about the Finance Project of Smith and Caugheys. Answer: Opportunities and threats: The following are the major opportunities that Smith and Caugheys could experience through the purchase of a new building for improving its business operations: Continuation of investment in research and development: As Smith and Caugheys is a technology-based firm in New Zealand, it needs to engage in continual innovation for sustaining in the market. This would enable the organisation to enhance its current technologies for offering something new to the present customers along with attracting new ones (Bocken et al., 2013). This would help in increasing the overall revenue base and in turn, gross income of the organisation. However, the internal rate of return would be minimised slightly due to the rise in initial outlay. Strategic acquisitions: With the help of this new project, Smith and Caugheys could make considerable investment in strategic acquisitions for improving its overall processes (Hamilton Webster, 2015).In order to find greater technological access along with saving money and time for building technology, it could search to acquire organisations that could offer benefits to them. In this case, no effect would fall on the gross income of the organisation; however, the internal rate of return is expected to rise. The following are the major threats that Smith and Caugheys could experience through the purchase of a new building for improving its business operations: Global economic environment: It has been observed that there is definite uncertainty related to the global political and economic situations (Horkoff et al., 2014). With the volatility in the prices of oil and gas, the political turmoil is inherent in the global business environment. This could have negative impact on the demand for the top drive units for Smith and Caugheys. Hence, this would reduce the gross income and the net cash inflows of the organisation, which would have adverse effect on IRR. For mitigating this threat, it is necessary for the organisation to increase the portion of its retained earnings so that it could use the same for running its daily operations in such situation. Seasonal variations: Smith and Caugheys is susceptible to demand variations because of seasonality, as drilling operations could be conducted in specific areas when they are frozen and in some places when there is summer (Kotler, Berger Bickhoff, 2016). Therefore, seasonal variations could have influence on planning and execution of the proposed project, as IRR and gross income might increase or decrease based on the seasonal fluctuations. For mitigating this risk, new product lines need to be added so that the organisation does not have to encounter severe downfall in sales revenue due to fall in demand. Operating plans/ strategies: In order to meet the financial projections, it is necessary for Smith and Caugheys to undertake the following series of steps: The first step is to lay out the figures in a useful format and it needs to be organised in a manner for spending in each category of expenditure. The next step would be to contrast the overall expenditures with the total income for balancing its project budget. The third step is to ensure that the funds are utilised as set out in the initial budget plan, which could be made with the help of a spreadsheet. This is because it would help Smith and Caugheys to know whether it has enough in each of its expenditure categories. References: Bocken, N., Short, S., Rana, P., Evans, S. (2013). A value mapping tool for sustainable business modelling.Corporate Governance,13(5), 482-497. Hamilton, L., Webster, P. (2015).The international business environment. Oxford University Press, USA. Horkoff, J., Barone, D., Jiang, L., Yu, E., Amyot, D., Borgida, A., Mylopoulos, J. (2014). Strategic business modeling: representation and reasoning.Software Systems Modeling,13(3), 1015-1041. Kotler, P., Berger, R., Bickhoff, N. (2016).The quintessence of strategic management: What you really need to know to survive in business. Springer.
Wednesday, April 22, 2020
In fact in developed countriesÃ we have too many deaths among youngsters caused by car | | |accidents, and major causes of deaths among adults caused by an unhealthy lifestyle. | |conclusion |To sum up, talking about disasters does notÃ inspire confidence inÃ people. The best way to deal with| | |disasters is to inform people about the causes and possibility a disaster might occur to them. | Implementation TV news and broadsheets give too much attention to disasters and wars. This happens mainly because newspapers are eager to sellÃ as many copies as possible. Beside news readers and TV editors are more interested in topping the audience score to earn money from advertising rather then giving the correct information. If we talk too much about disasters and natural catastrophes people become anxious. In fact peoples minds are not able to discern between near or remote threats and distinguish between real or false risks. As a consequence giving general information about natural catastrophes like hurricanes and floods, which usually happen in tropical areas, or like earthquakes, which generally occur along geologic faults, can generate unjustified fears. We will write a custom essay sample on Young Generations or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page A second point is that governments should concentrate their resourcesÃ on educating people about the risksthey face nearer their homes. In fact in developed countriesÃ we have too many deaths among youngsters caused by car accidents, and deaths among adults caused by unhealthy lifestyles. Moreover governments should focus their actions on solving issues that involve youths, like drug addiction and alcohol abuse. The best way to addressÃ theseÃ problems is preventing them fromÃ starting, that is educating the young generations. In my opinion, the best place for educating children about the risks of using drugs are families. Our governments should promote campaign of information over drug addictions that takes flyers and brochures into every house, as the same as our politicians do when they want our vote. To sum up, talking aboutÃ disasters does notÃ inspire confidence inÃ people. The best way to deal with disasters is to inform people about the causes that generate a disaster and the possibility that one might occur to them.
Monday, March 16, 2020
Fiber Optic essays As the Application of fiber optic become more and more widespread, fiber connections are not just an interconnection of digital device any more; it is changing the way of local communication. Fiber optic is now gradually become the singular cabling medium by replacing the variety of copper cable types and much of the microwave spectrum due to its faster and better performance. Coaxial cable, adequate for very limited distances @ 270Mbps, will become useless compared to fiber optics gigabit rate. Fiber optic will predominate the cabling system not only for broadcast video or audio production, but also for sound reinforcement, display, timing and general administrative data networks. We will see fiber optic dominate local communication before 2005. Moreover, the move from analog to digital transmission schemes has converted traditionally freestanding and unrelated systems into services potentially sharing a common network, such as cable TV providers not only offer video, but also internet and telephone services. Even though the distinctions between terminal equipment types have begun to blur, however, there are some advantages, such as, people can take pictures, reads his or her email, and makes phone calls with a cellular handset. Furthermore, in the new generation, cameras, editors, control equipment, will combine with fiber optic systems to create ultra-compact flyaway units. We will find fiber optic component everywhere around us. By now the most of the technical reasons that fiber is the future are based on distance, bandwidth, size, weight, ground isolation, immunity to noise, etc. However, possibly the most important and least recognized feature of fiber optics is its ability to transmit any type of signal. Looking forward to the future, fiber optic technology will not only apply to cabling system, but also as a component of devices in the new generation. ...
Saturday, February 29, 2020
An overview of scrum methodology Software development organizations have become more interested in agile methodologies, whose focus is client collaboration, individual value, and adaptation to change. Scrum is a framework within which people can address complex adaptive problems, while productively and creatively delivering products of the highest possible value. Scrum makes clear the relative efficacy of your product management and development practices so that you can improve. The Scrum framework consists of Scrum Teams and their associated roles, events, artifacts, and rules. Each component within the framework serves a specific purpose and is essential to ScrumÃ¢â¬â¢s success and usage. What is the scrum? Scrum is a framework for managing work with an emphasis on software development. It is designed for teams of three to nine developers who break their work into actions that can be completed within time-boxed iterations, called sprints (typically two-weeks) and track progress and re-plan in 15-minute stand-up meetings called daily scrums. Approaches to coordinating the work of multiple scrum teams in larger organizations include Large-Scale Scrum, Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe) and Scrum of Scrums, among others. Scrum values:- Scrum is a feedback-driven empirical approach which is, like all empirical process control, underpinned by the three pillars of transparency, inspection, and adaptation. All work within the Scrum framework should be visible to those responsible for the outcome: the process, the workflow, progress, etc. In order to make these things visible, scrum teams need to frequently inspect the product being developed and how well the team is working. With frequent inspection, the team can spot when their work deviates outside of acceptable limits and adapt their process or the product under development. These three pillars require trust and openness in the team, which the following five values of Scrum enable: Commitment: Team members individually commit to achieving their team goals, each and every sprint. Courage: Team members know they have the courage to work through conflict and challenges together so that they can do the right thing. Focus: Team members focus exclusively on their team goals and the sprint backlog; there should be no work done other than through their backlog. Openness: Team members and their stakeholders agree to be transparent about their work and any challenges they face. Respect: Team members respect each other to be technically capable and to work with good intent. Scrum roles:- The three roles defined in scrum are the ScrumMaster,the product owner, and the Team (which consists of Team members). The people who fulfill these roles work together closely, on a daily basis, to ensure the smooth flow of information and the quick resolution of issues. ScrumMaster The ScrumMaster (sometimes written Ã¢â¬Å"Scrum Master,Ã¢â¬ although the official term has no space after Ã¢â¬Å"ScrumÃ¢â¬ ) is the keeper of the process. The ScrumMaster is responsible for making the process run smoothly, for removing obstacles that impact productivity, and for organizing and facilitating the critical meetings. The ScrumMasters responsibilities include Removing the barriers between the Development Team and the Product Owner so that the Product Owner directly drives development. Teach the Product Owner how to maximize return on investment (ROI), and meet his/her objectives through Scrum. Improve the lives of the development Team by facilitating creativity and empowerment. Improve the productivity of the development Team in any way possible. Improve the engineering practices and tools so that each increment of functionality is potentially shippable. Keep information about the TeamÃ¢â¬â¢s progress up to date and visible to all parties. In practical terms, the ScrumMaster needs to understand Scrum well enough to train and mentor the other roles and educate and assist other stakeholders who are involved in the process. The ScrumMaster should maintain a constant awareness of the status of the project (its progress to date) relative to the expected progress, investigate and facilitate resolution of any roadblocks that hold back progress, and generally be flexible enough to identify and deal with any issues that arise, in any way that is required. The ScrumMaster must protect the Team from disturbance from other people by acting as the interface between the two. The ScrumMaster does not assign tasks to Team members, a task assignment is a Team responsibility. The ScrumMasterÃ¢â¬â¢s general approach towards the Team is to encourage and facilitate their decision-making and problem-solving capabilities so that they can work with increasing efficiency and the decreasing need for supervision. The goal is to have a team tha t is not only empowered to make important decisions but does so well and routinely. Product Owner The Product Owner is the keeper of the requirements. The Product Owner provides the Ã¢â¬Å"single source of truthÃ¢â¬ for the Team regarding requirements and their planned order of implementation. In practice, the Product Owner is the interface between the business, the customers, and their product related needs on one side, and the Team on the other. The Product Owner buffers the Team from the feature and bug-fix requests that come from many sources and is the single point of contact for all questions about product requirements. Product Owner works closely with the team to define the user-facing and technical requirements, to document the requirements as needed, and to determine the order of their implementation. Product Owner maintains the Product Backlog (which is the repository for all of this information), keeping it up to date and at the level of detail and quality, the Team requires. The Product Owner also sets the schedule for releasing completed work to customers and make s the final call as to whether implementations have the features and quality required for release. Team The Team is a self-organizing and cross-functional group of people who do the hands-on work of developing and testing the product. Since the Team is responsible for producing the product, it must also have the authority to make decisions about how to perform the work. The Team is therefore self-organizing: Team members decide how to break work into tasks, and how to allocate tasks to individuals, throughout the Sprint. The Team size should be kept in the range from five to nine people, if possible. (A larger number make communication difficult, while a smaller number leads to low productivity and fragility.) Note: A very similar term, Ã¢â¬Å"Scrum Team,Ã¢â¬ refers to the Team plus the ScrumMaster and Product Owner. Scrum pros:- Scrum can help teams complete project deliverables quickly and efficiently: Scrum ensures effective use of time and money Large projects are divided into easily manageable sprints Developments are coded and tested during the sprint review Works well for fast-moving development projects The team gets clear visibility through scrum meetings Scrum, being agile, adopts feedback from customers and stakeholders Short sprints enable changes based on feedback a lot more easily The individual effort of each team member is visible during daily scrum meetings Scrum cons:-Nothing is perfect, and the Scrum methodology is no exception. In some cases, Scrum is combined with other project management techniques that can help resolve some of these drawbacks: Scrum often leads to scope creep, due to the lack of a definite end-date The chances of project failure are high if individuals arent very committed or cooperative Adopting the Scrum framework in large teams is challenging The framework can be successful only with experienced team members Daily meetings sometimes frustrate team members If any team member leaves in the middle of a project, it can have a huge negative impact on the project Quality is hard to implement until the team goes through the aggressive testing process Scrum process:- Needless to say, proper planning and smart decision making can help you get past these disadvantages with the Scrum methodology. For example, in larger teams, each member needs to have defined roles and responsibilities with definite goals, so that there is no compromise on quality and no excuse for failure. This will keep the team focused to project goals. Plus, the ScrumMaster needs to guide the team effectively to avoid pitfalls and ensure 100% project success.
Wednesday, February 12, 2020
Global Organizational Environment - Article Example This is a reflective essay which summarises my learning experience gained through the entire model describing each of the sessions undertaken by me all through the course. One aspect has been chosen in each of the sessionsÃ¢â¬â¢ and an academic journal has been selected which helped me to have a further detailed knowledge about the topics covered in each of the sessions. Session 1: Organizational form and purpose The first session of the module was meant to have an understanding about the various types of business concerns operating in different parts of the world and how they are governed. This session was a great learning experience for me that helped me to have a wide knowledge about different types of organisations, their primary motives or purposes, the concepts of corporate governance and stakeholders and the various ethical issues concerned with the business activities followed by the organizations. The concept of corporate governance and the problems related to the agency t heory was an interesting topic discussed in this session. Agency theory is one of the corporate governance theories which have marked significant importance in the recent years. Jensen and Meckling (1976) are commonly associated with the term agency theory as found in most of the existing literature. The journal named Ã¢â¬Å"A Survey of Corporate GovernanceÃ¢â¬ by Shleifer and Vishny (1997) helped me to know more about the issues related to corporate governance systems followed by different business organisations worldwide. It also helped to have knowledge about the concept of ownership concentration found in business concerns. Enron can be cited as one of the many examples related to an organisation which restored to unethical accounting practices because of the existing agency problems associated with the company. It is recorded as one of the major accounting scandals which have ultimately led to the downfall of Enron (Arnold, & Lange, 2004). Session 2: Transnational business a nd its role in contemporary society This session was aimed at having knowledge about the various roles played by transnational companies (TNCs) and how they have contributed to global trade. This session helped me to learn about the impacts of TNCs on the global trading environment, different types of internationalisation strategies followed by organisations, costs and benefits associated with free trade mechanism, and role of General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and World Trade Organisation (WTO). Different types of internationalisation strategies followed by TNCs and other global organisations were of particular interest to me. Internationalisation is a process which is followed by organisations to expand their business outside their national boundaries and it can be achieved through various strategies followed by different firms. The journal named "Internationalization strategies for services" by Gronroos (1999) speaks about five types of internationalisation strategies that are followed by service organisations with their motives to establish their business abroad. Those internationalisat